Work in progress (Ph.D. thesis)
- Joltreau, E. "Recycling in a Globalised Economy" [globalised_ce_jm.pdf]
Communications: IPWSD 2021 Columbia University, New-York City (online); IAERE 2021, Brescia (online); EAERE 2021, Berlin (online); EEA-ESEM 2021 (online); FAERE 2021, Grenoble; EAERE Summer-School Seggau 2021.
ABSTRACT: Developing a circular economy (CE) through waste recycling has become the new paradigm to sustain non-renewable resources. But, what does implementing a CE in a globalised economy mean, after all? Waste generated by consumption, i.e. including imports, will not necessarily coincide with material needs of the national production, i.e., including exports. Furthermore, countries may have access to cheap virgin materials. This material mismatch, as well as country heterogeneity in waste disutility and costs, will give rise to international trade strategies or interactions with the environment. In this paper, I offer a new perspective on recycling policies, taking into account international trade and national material imbalances.
- Fleckinger, P., Joltreau, E., "Implementing a Circular Economy with Producer Responsibility Organisations".
Communications: EAERE 2020, Berlin (online); FAERE 2020, Grenoble (online)
ABSTRACT: Recycling, reuse, and reduction of exhaustible resources has become a major goal in developed economies, which entails the active participation of producers. The implementation of Extended Producer Responsibility, whereby firms are financially responsible for their products end-of-life costs, is commonly delegated to a Producer Responsibility Organisation (PRO). PROs collect fees from producers to organize collection, sorting and recycling of waste. These fees hence have a twofold role of financing the PROs operations and inducing better prod- uct design and reasoned material use by the producers. We propose a theoretical framework to study the salient features of this dominant industry organization. The crucial PROs pricing decisions are determined in particular by their status (nonprofit or for profit), the degree of ownership by the producers, and the coarseness of pricing depending on the material. We show that the complex interplay of budget-balance for the PRO and incentive provisions for the producers is key to address policy questions and provide guidance for the design of EPR programs.
- Joltreau, E. "Extended Producer Responsibility, Packaging Waste Reduction and Eco-design" (accepted, ERE).
Communications: EEA-ESEM 2018, Cologne; DIW Berlin, Climate Policy seminar; Dauphine PhD Workshop; Dauphine CGEMP Internal seminar; Mines-Paritech CERNA seminar; IPWSD 2020 Columbia University, New-York City (online); Climate Economics Chair, Friday Lunch Seminar, 2020.
ABSTRACT: The main policy addressing the packaging waste issue in the countries of the European Union has been to define recycling objectives along with Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR). With EPR, producers finance the recycling and management of waste generated by their products. Within this framework they are expected to internalise waste management costs and engage in eco-design of their packaging, i.e., use less packaging and increase packaging recyclability (e.g., through substitution of materials). EPR has been extended worldwide over recent decades and applied to various waste streams. In this paper, by exploiting temporal variation of an original panel dataset of EPR compliance costs from 25 European countries (1998-2015) and four packaging materials, I evaluate for the first time whether these costs have led to packaging waste reduction and substitution of packaging materials. I find that the EPR financial incentive has resulted in very little (though statistically significant) packaging reduction and no systematic substitution effects between packaging materials.
-> pour une présentation vidéo de l'article en français, cliquez ici
- Chiappinelli, O., Gerres, T., Neuhoff, K., Lettow, F., de Coninck, H., Felsmann, B., Joltreau, E., Khandekar, G., Linares, P., Richstein, J., Śniegocki, A., Stede, J., Wyns, T., Zandt, C. & Zetterberg, L. (2021) "A green COVID-19 recovery of the EU basic materials sector: identifying potentials, barriers and policy solutions", Climate Policy
- Joltreau, E., (2018): "Pricing products’ negative externalities at end-of-life using eco-modulation. Discussion from case studies." Economics and Policy of Energy and the Environment.
- Joltreau, E. and Sommerfeld, K. (2018): "Why Does Emissions Trading Under the EU ETS not Affect Firms’ Competitiveness? Empirical Findings from the Literature." Climate Policy.
Reports and other.
- Joltreau. E. (2019). "(De)globalisation of International Plastic Waste Trade. Stakes at Play and Perspectives". Édito Énergie, Ifri, 18 September 2019
- Neuhoff, K., Chiappinelli, O., Bataille, C., Haußner, M., Ismer, R., Joltreau, E., Jürgens, I., Piantieri., C., Richstein., J., Sartor, O., Singhal, P., Stede, J. (2018) "Filling gaps in the policy package to decarbonise production and use of materials" DIW & Climate Strategies.
- OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2017.
BSI economics (Think Tank in Economics, in French)
- Étude, 2021, "L'économie des plastiques"; podcast pour Melchior
- Étude, 2020, "Le réemploi et la réutilisation solidaire"
- Rédaction du chapitre sur les monnaies locales complémentaires dans le livre Je comprends enfin l'économie, éditions DUNOD 2019.
- Étude, 2018, "Le commerce international des déchets"